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Windows 2008/2012 arp timeout process



Greetings Nanog,

I apologize in advance if this should be directed towards a server/systems discussion list, but I've noticed some (what I think are) issues with the way windows 2008/2012 handles arp. I started noticing some high arp processes on some of our 6500s running sup720s, and after performing some captures of packets being punted to the cpu I found that there were quite a few repeat sources. After digging into the sources, it looks like windows 2008/2012 systems are sending arp refresh requests quite frequently.

According to this article ( http://support.microsoft.com/kb/949589 ), if the neighbor entry is in use for the IP it should not go stale. Specifically:

"If the entry is in the "Reachable" state, Windows Vista TCP/IP hosts do not send ARP requests to the network. Therefore, Windows Vista TCP/IP hosts use the information in the cache. If an entry is not used, and it stays in the "Reachable" state for longer than its "Reachable Time" value, the entry changes to the "Stale" state. If an entry is in the "Stale" state, the Windows Vista TCP/IP host must send an ARP request to reach that destination."

I know that states Windows Vista, but the "applies to" section lists the other OSes. 

I've replicated this in my lab (server pinging its own gateway while capturing traffic), and I am seeing the same issue:

222???????? 10:05:18.462720??????????????? Dell_a6:dc:52???? All-HSRP-routers_0a?????? ARP??????? Who has 10.36.0.1?? Tell 10.36.0.31
223???????? 10:05:18.464759??????????????? All-HSRP-routers_0a?????? Dell_a6:dc:52???? ARP??????? 10.36.0.1 is at 00:00:0c:07:ac:0a
1886?????? 10:06:31.962218??????????????? Dell_a6:dc:52???? All-HSRP-routers_0a?????? ARP??????? Who has 10.36.0.1?? Tell 10.36.0.31
1887?????? 10:06:31.963004??????????????? All-HSRP-routers_0a?????? Dell_a6:dc:52???? ARP??????? 10.36.0.1 is at 00:00:0c:07:ac:0a
3348?????? 10:07:23.461682??????????????? Dell_a6:dc:52???? All-HSRP-routers_0a?????? ARP??????? Who has 10.36.0.1?? Tell 10.36.0.31
3349?????? 10:07:23.471003??????????????? All-HSRP-routers_0a?????? Dell_a6:dc:52???? ARP??????? 10.36.0.1 is at 00:00:0c:07:ac:0a

I've tried this on various devices, and the only place I don't see this behavior is on wireless interfaces.

I'm more of a linux guy, and performing the same tests there I see the behavior stated in this article (which is what I would expect) - http://linux-ip.net/html/ether-arp.html . Specifically:

"Entries in the ARP cache are periodically and automatically verified unless continually used."

Has anyone run into this issue before ? Have a fix ? Point me to any documentation or other distros that I should ask ?

TIA,
James