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NDP DoS attack (was Re: Anybody can participate in the IETF (Was: Why is IPv6 broken?))



On Thu, Jul 14, 2011 at 7:29 PM, Fernando Gont <fernando at gont.com.ar> wrote:
> On 07/11/2011 09:17 PM, Karl Auer wrote:
> Vulnerability to this specific issues has a great deal to do with the
> implementation. After all, whenever there's a data structure that can
Yes

> In this particular case, if the implementation enforces a limit on the
> number of entries in the "INCOMPLETE" state, then only nodes that have
> never communicated with the outside world could be affected by this
> attack. And if those entries that are in the "INCOMPLETE" state are
> pruned periodically (e.g. in a round-robin fashion), chances are that

Not only that but  it's possible to differentiate _how_ an entry is added to
the table when the table reaches a "high water mark" it's possible
to drop the packet that was attempting to cause a NDP discover, fail to add
the INCOMPLETE entry to the table,  but _still_  send  the outgoing NDP
neighbor solicitation, and complete the entry or "whitelist"  the destination
if the neighbor advertises itself.

That is: if the destination is good, the neighbor will respond to the
NDP solicit,
even though the neighbor doesn't have an entry in the table.

So a small number of packets are lost at initial setup, due to the
attack,  but further
packets are unaffected,

So long as the attack does not overwhelm router CPU,  and  so long as the
INCOMPLETE entry high water mark is at a low enough level,
so there is still ample space in the table.


Even more sophisticated strategies may be available.

It should be possible to mitigate this, so long as the attack does not actually
originate from a neighbor on the same subnet as a router  IP interface on
an IPv6 subnet with sufficient number of IPs.

> even those "new hosts" would be able to get into the neighbor cache and
> hence remain unaffected by this attack.
>
> Thanks,

-- 
-JH