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[ih] origins of the term "hyperlink"
- Subject: [ih] origins of the term "hyperlink"
- From: ats at offog.org (Adam Sampson)
- Date: Tue, 14 Apr 2020 13:22:35 +0100
- In-reply-to: <[email protected]om> (vinton cerf via Internet-history's message of "Sun, 12 Apr 2020 12:41:05 -0400")
- References: <[email protected]om>
vinton cerf via Internet-history <internet-history at elists.isoc.org>
> I asked Jeff Rulifson if he could help us figure out when "hyperlink"
> entered into usage.
> My bet would be that hyper was added between 1980 and 1987. Maybe it was a
> journalist and we will never know.
In the utzoo Usenet archive, the earliest use of "hyperlink" in the
sense you're after is by Dennis Hamilton <deh0654 at sjfc.UUCP> on 4th
February 1988 in a bibliography of articles about hypertext. The entry
in question is:
%A Keith Ferrell
%A Selby Bateman
%T Out to Change the World: A Conversation with John Sculley
%D December, 1987
%K Apple Hypercard Hypertext Odyssey literacy education Knowledge
%X "Compute!: ... Hypercard has attracted a lot of attention as an
example of the sort of interactive software that will ultimately
make the Knowledge Navigator possible. Underlying it are echoes
of hypertext -- the linkage of all information into an easily
"Sculley: [Current technologies have their roots in the 1960s.]
The one fundamental idea that didn't make it across from the
sixties was hypertext. I felt very strongly that hypertext had to
be in the roots of future technology.
"Compute!: Do we run the risk of hypertexting changing in
fundamental ways the nature of knowledge? Will the continuous
flow of knowledge and culture be transformed into a collection
of *snippets*, hypertexted together by key phrases rather than
"Sculley: No, I think that what *Hypercard* will do is rather
let us avoid the problem of information doubling every three to
four years. ... Hypercard makes the process of organizing
information completely natural and intuitive. ...
I think hypertext and the zoom-trace view of being able to explore
information databases vy hyperlinks has natural appeal to computer
technologists. I also sense a non-sequiter in how this is going to
help abate the information-explosion and overload "problem." Note that
the Knowledge Navigator is the name that Sculley gives to a vision of
an *active* hypertext-like system suitable for education. Sculley sees
the Knowledge Navigator as a way of *engaging* students in ways in which
the educational system/process fails to do so today. [dh:88-01-30]
Here's the article he's discussing: https://archive.org/details/1987-12-compute-magazine/page/n19/mode/2up
There are also several mentions around that time of a magazine for
Hypercard users called HyperLink (or Hyper-Link or Hyperlink...), the
earliest by murray at topaz.rutgers.edu on 16th November 1987.
Adam Sampson <ats at offog.org> <http://offog.org/>