Re: Full color gum printing

From: Joe Smigiel ^lt;[email protected]>
Date: 07/05/04-04:11:53 PM Z
Message-id: <>

Hello Giovanni,

I usually wait to clear the print until after my final layer is printed
although I have cleared after an intermediate step. Although I have
never tested it, I sense that the printed gum layers are softened by the
clearing agent until the print is subsequently dried which hardens the
gum again. So, I would wait until the end and print expecting the
clearing agent to remove the subtle dichromate image and shift the color
away from the slight greenish cast that the dichromate imparts.

If you cannot wipe the gum image layer away while it is in the wash, you
are probably giving that layer too much exposure. What I'm suggesting
is a very faint layer of low pigment concentration which subtly shifts
the color balance and which should autodevelop to the desired result.
Since the exposure is planned for autodevelopment, any physical
manipulation (brushing, water stream, hot water, etc.) should remove the
just-printed layer and leave the previous image intact with no harm

If yellow-green shows "in abundance" the color imbalance is probably not
due to the dichromate image alone but rather some mismatch between
pigment strengths and saturation of the various layers. The greenish
dichromate image is very faint when present.

I have never used bleach on a gum print so I'm not sure to what you
refer. Sodium hypochlorite (chlorine bleach) perhaps?


>>> 07/05/04 4:09 PM >>>
Hi Joe,
Thanks, it rings my bell.
Are you suggesting that if during exposures some yellow-green shows (in
abundance) to clear it before going to the following exposure?
Then you suggest "to wipe it off and wash" but once exposed is very
difficult, I use some hot water and not always everything comes off. If
bleach I ruin everything.
What do you mean with that?
----- Original Message -----
From: "Joe Smigiel" <>
To: <>
Sent: Monday, July 05, 2004 1:12 PM
Subject: Re: Full color gum printing

> Giovanni,
> Have you tried clearing the print in a solution of potassium
> metabisulphite or similar clearing agent? I've found a slightly
> greenish cast results from the accumulated dichromate image (which I
> believe others on the list refer to as "dichromate stain") followed by
> wash. You might also try a lightly printed magenta layer to
> the color cast and adjust the overall color balance. I suggest
> since your description of the problem appears to center around a green
> imbalance and magenta is its complementary color. (With pigments, G =
> Y+B)
> If you are familiar with chromogenic printing and have a set of print
> viewing filters around, you might be able to better determine if the
> present color imbalance is more to the green, yellow, or blue, and
> choose a more appropriate corrective pigment choice. It is difficult
> suggest more without knowing how the color imbalance is appearing.
> example, are the shadows too blue and the highlights too yellow with
> green midtones? Each of these tones present a different quandary and
> require a different solution.
> I certainly would not throw the print away since it is difficult to
> a gum print by doing another lightly printed layer. If it doesn't
> correct, you can just wipe it off in the wash and do another layer.
> danger is overexposing the corrective layer so that it cannot be
> with a bit of physical manipulation in the wash.
> Joe
> >>> 07/05/04 10:55 AM >>>
> I am trying to figure out what adjustments can be done to an almost
> finish
> full color gum print but unfortunately with either slightily too much
> yellow, green or blue on the image.
> If you have experienced the process you may have run that the pigment
> may
> had some problems or the expoure did not come out as planned and you
> ended
> up with this almost complete print but with a slightly different
> My thoughts are than instead of throwing it away and start all over
> again is
> worth to try to fix it.
> Any idea or experience you would like to share on this subject?
> Thanks,
> Giovanni
Received on Mon Jul 5 16:12:49 2004

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